How to Choose a Processor in Computers?

How to Choose a Processor in Computers?
The processor, which is the leading player in our computers, is a hardware that should be considered when choosing, as in all other technological hardware. It will also be useful to take a look at the long usage tests and user comments of the processor, which should be decided to purchase considering the core, clock speed, socket type and compatibility with other hardware.

Being one of the most important components of all computers, the processor acts as the brain of the computer by carrying most of the load on the system. With the development of technology and the importance of computer components, different components were introduced to the market for every need. Processors are also included in this classification as the brain of a system.

In today's systems, many different setups are possible for daily use, gaming, workstation and content production. In this context, Intel and AMD also compete with different models in different lanes. In this article, we have a new processor. We will talk about what should be considered before purchasing. If you want to get to know the processors better before the processor selection process, you can check out our article below.

What should be considered when buying a processor?

  • Determine the need
  • Socket type
  • Generation
  • Clock Speed
  • Core
  • Thread
  • Cache
  • Bottleneck
  • IPC
  • TDP
  • Cooler
  • Reviews
  • User comments

Determine the need: The processor you will buy will be part of the system for what purpose?

The key to choosing a processor for your system is to be aware of your needs. If you are a user who will not go beyond daily use, it will be unnecessary to use a processor designed for heavy workload. Likewise, if you are getting a system to play games, it will be a mistake to choose a relatively weak processor that will not adapt to your video card.

Whether it is an existing system or a system that will be collected from the beginning, there are topics that you need to review before choosing the processor. You should consider many different factors such as the number of cores suitable for your type of use, compatibility with the graphics card you have or will choose, and finding the appropriate cooling solution. After looking at all the elements that will allow you to make your final decision, it will be extremely useful to watch the review videos of the model you intend to buy and browse the user comments on the forums.

Socket type: Which processors does the socket type of your motherboard support?

One of the elements that distinguish dozens of models that emerged as a result of Intel and AMD competition is the socket type. Today , the socket type used by Intel is LGA, while AMD produces processors with AM4 and TR4 socket types. Although it seems that there are only 3 socket types in the whole processor world, there are also sub-models of these socket types. In the list below, you can take a look at the socket types of Intel and AMD in the market and the processor series that use these socket types.

Intel socket types, processor series and compatible chipsets:

LGA 1151: 8th and 9th generations
  • Z390
  • Z370
  • Q370
  • H370
  • B365
  • B360
  • H310

LGA 1200: 10th generation
  • Z490
  • H470
  • B460
  • H410

LGA 2066: 10th generation
  • X299

AMD socket types, processor series and compatible chipsets:
Ryzen 3000, 2000 and 1000 series
  • X570
  • X470
  • X370
  • B550
  • B450
  • B350
  • A320
  • X300
  • A300

TR4: Ryzen Threadripper 2000 and 1000 series
  • X399

sTRX4: Ryzen Threadripper 3000 series
  • TRX40

Generation: Which is the newest processor you can reach for your budget?
Both AMD and Intel keep up with the developing technology by producing processors for different generations. This causes the competition between the two giant brands to continue increasingly. The emergence of a new generation processor does not mean that the processors of the previous generation are out of date. As in every category, it is necessary to determine the need for generation. AMD's most widely used series Ryzen has different series, including 3000, 2000 and 1000. The next step is a series of Ryze is Threadripp the same way as 3000, 2000, 1000, and is divided into categories. Intel, on the other hand, continues to sell its 8th and 9th generation processors, even though it has passed from the 8th and 9th generation to the 10th generation processors with a new socket type.

When you come to the generation step of processor preference, you need to analyze which generation is right for you. If you don't need a 10th generation Intel processor using the LGA 2066 socket type or an AMD processor as powerful as the Ryzen Threadripper 3000 series, you can take a different generation processor on your radar, considering both the budget and the ideal performance.

Clock speed: what is the speed you need?

As with motor vehicles, processors also have a speed measurement unit. Clock speed is a measure of the performance and multitasking capability of a processor. This speed, measured in GHz (Gigahertz) units, varies according to the architectural infrastructure of the processor. This is exactly the reason why manufacturers serve different customers with different series.

This was a major milestone in early 2000 when the first processors with 1 GHz clock speed were produced by Intel and AMD. Nowadays, it has become quite normal to see processors with a clock speed above 5 GHz. If your routine use involves multiple processes and is at a level that will put a load on the system, the height of the clock speed should be the detail you need to consider first.

Core: the center of physical processing power

The core can be described as the brain of a processor. All processes carried by the processor are executed and completed by the cores. This means that the more cores available, the faster the process can be performed.

Today, even processors with 64 cores have started to take place in the market. The number of cores, which is the most important detail to be considered according to the type of use, should only be 2 or 4 cores for daily users, while it should be 8 or more for users who play games or do more comprehensive operations.

Thread: The center of virtual processing power
This element, which is called "Thread" in the technology world, emerges with the creation of virtual cores from physically located cores. The number of threads of the 64-core AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X processor that we mentioned in the "Core" title is 128. This means 2 virtual cores created per physical core. The fact that 64 physical cores can perform 128 core tasks at the same time is possible by dividing each physical core into two with "Multithreading".

Cache: How many transactions do you need to perform at the same time?
The cache consists of 3 types , L1, L2 and L3. When the processor cannot find the data it needs in the cache, it refers to RAM. The processor, which saves the frequently performed operations of the user in this memory, can keep more operations in its memory as the size of this memory increases. It is not necessary for a user who performs daily operations such as watching TV shows and movies to consider the size of the cache first in the processor preference.

Bottleneck: Graphics card, memory and processor compatibility

The bottleneck is a situation that undermines your usage experience, no matter what type of user you are. The bottleneck, which can be seen when any of the hardware such as processor, video card, RAM in the system is relatively weak, is usually caused by the incompatibility of the processor and the graphics card. The fact that the processor lags behind the graphics card in terms of performance or vice versa means that the underpowered hardware brakes the performance of the strong one.

IPC: A small but important performance detail
The performances of two different processors with the same specifications may not be the same. The reason for this is the different architectural structures used by the processors. IPC is the term used to measure this difference in performance. You may not see the concept of IPC, which means the number of commands per cycle, when purchasing a processor. We recommend that you take a look at the reviews to be aware of the IPC value of the processor you will buy.

TDP: How hot will your processor be, how many three will it lose when it warms up?
TDP, which stands for Thermal Design Power, is defined as the heat dissipation capacity of the processor or graphics card. It is not a situation that the user wants to have a high TDP value, which corresponds to the heat that the processor or graphics card needs to generate compared to the power used . If you are planning to overclock the processor you will purchase, remember that the TDP value should be as low as possible.

Cooler: How and how long will your CPU cool down when warmed up?

The cooler, the essential companion of the processor, which is the brain of the system, can be defined as a leading actor that keeps the processor at the ideal temperature. Cooling systems in the market with closed circuit, open circuit liquid cooling or air cooling solutions should be selected according to the power of the processor and the internal environment of the case. If the cooling solution is insufficient, it will be inevitable for the processor to experience performance losses. We advise you to remember that a powerful processor needs a good cooling solution.

Reviews: Pay attention to what the experts say
All the above elements may not be included in the processor's label. Before making a processor choice for your system, it will be useful to take a look at the reviews as you should on each technological product. You can get detailed information about the performance of the processor and advice on compatible hardware thanks to the videos of the reliable sources .

User reviews: Check out experiences
Considering that the reviews made by technology channels and magazines are carried out in a limited time, user comments are extremely important. It will be useful to take a look at the user comments on the forums or the websites of the stores to be informed about the long usage results of the processor you plan to buy .
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